Coin collectors regularly keep a keen eye on the value of their coin collection as well as the grade of their coins. The price of a collectible coin depends on such aspects such as supply and demand, it’s a fact that whenever coin inventories cannot be moved at the current price level, its prices suffer and decline as well. However, when the quantities are sufficient to meet demand, a coin’s price will surely increase too. Demand is generally established by collectors and investors; however it’s more than often influenced and directed by dealers, because most coin dealers sell coins at a price way above the original cost, for them to both make a profit and cover expenses.
Apart from supply and demand, there are a number of factors that determine a collectible coin’s price. A coin’s age is one major factor that determines price, as dealers will put into premium on the date it was made, or how many were made and how many coins are currently accounted for. However, if the coin is new, its current condition and the coin's grade will determine its value. Multiple-pricing tiers also are set for properly pricing a collectible coin.
A coin’s retail price refers to the price that the dealers charge their collectors and investors, while its wholesale price denotes the price that dealers charge each other. For collectors and investors to exactly determine a coin’s current value, they could check out the Published Price Guides, which generally lists a coin’s standard retail or wholesale price. A little window shopping could also help, because the actual prices may vary, and could be sometimes be a bit higher or lower than the values mentioned in the Published Price Guide.
Generally, most coin dealers make a profit by paying less than the wholesale price, especially when buying coins from the public. Because dealers purchase coins below the wholesale price, it may be quite tough for collectors and investors to recoup their investments should they decide to get their money back. An individual collector may also be able to fish for a better price for their coins by bypassing a dealer. However, it may not be that easy spotting another collector or investor who’s looking for the exact coin or coins that the collector wants to sell or dispose off. Buying coins from a dealer has its advantages though, because a dealer can be able to guarantee the authenticity of the coin that is being sold, and they also have the trained eye to effectively detect any imperfections or defects on the coin, as well as properly assessing its grade.
To sum it up, the best way of finding out just how much your coin is worth, would be by taking these to a reputable and professional coin dealer or grading service. A number of reputable coin dealers will be more than willing to appraise your coin for free, especially if you’re thinking of selling them. However, most professional grading services charge a relatively small fee for grading your coins, and these would depend on how valuable the coin is.